名词解释|什么是恶意软件?

首页 蛮犀资讯 名词解释|什么是恶意软件?

恶意软件
恶意软件是旨在恶意破坏网络或用户的计算机、手机、平板电脑或其他设备的正常运行或对其造成损害的代码。恶意软件种类繁多,包括但不限于蠕虫、特洛伊木马、间谍软件和键盘记录程序。这些术语通常可以互换使用,并且越来越多的恶意软件变体现在融合了不同的技术。当今绝大多数恶意软件都专注于为恶意软件作者赚钱。这通常是通过窃取机密数据来完成的,例如用户名、密码、信用卡详细信息或其他财务详细信息。然后,这些敏感信息会被用来对个人和企业发起进一步的攻击,或者被出售给其他恶意行为者。它旨在绕过安全系统并避免检测,
恶意软件的传播方式有多种,导致设备受感染。其中包括:附加到网络钓鱼电子邮件的恶意文件、电子邮件正文中的恶意 URL 链接、偷渡式下载、受感染的 USB 设备、通过利用外围防火墙上的开放端口进行的直接网络入侵,或漏洞在设备的操作系统或已安装的应用程序中。
Malware
Malware is code that is designed to maliciously disrupt the normal operation of, or cause harm to, a network or user’s computer, phone, tablet, or other devices. There is a wide range of different malware categories, including but not limited to worms, trojans, spyware, and keyloggers. These terms are often used interchangeably, and a growing number of malware variants now incorporate a blend of different techniques. The vast majority of today’s malware is focused on making money for the malware authors. This is typically done by stealing confidential data such as usernames, passwords, credit card details, or other financial particulars. This sensitive information is then used to launch further attacks on individuals and businesses or is sold to other malicious actors. It is designed to bypass security systems and avoid detection, making it extremely difficult for security teams to ensure that users and the wider business are not adversely impacted.
There are a number of different ways that malware is distributed, resulting in infected devices. These include: a malicious file attached to a phishing email, a malicious URL link in the body of an email, a drive-by download, an infected USB device, direct network intrusion through exploitation of open ports on perimeter firewalls, or, a vulnerability in the device’s operating system or installed applications.